The Choccolocco Creek Archaeological Complex

This slideshow requires JavaScript.

Centered around Boiling Spring, the Choccolocco Creek Archaeological Complex once consisted of at least three earthen  mounds, a large stone mound and a large snake effigy (representation), also made of stone.   The largest earthen mound once stood high above the Choccolocco Creek floodplain.  The earliest earthen mound construction at the site began during the Middle Woodland period (ca. 100 BC to AD 250)  when the site became a regionally important ritual center connected through cultural exchanges with groups living on the Gulf Coastal Plain to the south and the Tennessee Valley to the north.   Mound construction appears to have resumed at the site around AD 1100 when the inhabitants of the Choccolocco Valley were closely connected with the people of the Etowah site near present-day Cartersville, Georgia.   

Prior to the 1830s, the Choccolocco Creek Archaeological Complex was the location of the ceremonial ground of the Abihkas, one of the most ancient tribal towns within the modern Muscogee (Creek) Nation.  Ethnographic research conducted by the Smithsonian Institution in the late 19th and early 20th centuries indicates that the stone constructions associated with the complex are associated with oral histories that tell of a town “lost in the water.”  The large stone mound is thought to be the result of “burden” stones carried by the Abihka in remembrance of those lost in a great flood. 

This site is very important  to numerous Southeastern indigenous  tribes who assert an ancestral connection with those who built and occupied Alabama’s ancient mounds.   The earthwork landscapes and the objects and information recovered from them reveal a rich cultural tradition that still thrives today among these tribes.   Our indigenous mound sites represent  a heritage for all Alabamians to cherish, and it is important that we protect and preserve them for future generations. 


Choccolocco Park
954 Leon Smith Pkwy, Oxford, AL 36203
Phone: (256) 342-0174

Located in Calhoun County.

Nearby Tourism Resources
Tour East Alabama Visit Calhoun County

Nearby Attractions

Alabama Pinhoti Trail

The Alabama Pinhoti Trail, a national recreation trail, is the pride of Alabama hikers. This 100+ mile long path is the backbone of a trail system sec

Anniston Museum of Natural History

Explore the wilds of Africa, the wonders of the North American wilderness and the mysteries of 2,300 year-old Egyptian Mummies in the Anniston Museum

Berman Museum of World History

See Colonel Berman’s incredible and fascinating collection including weapons of espionage like a flute that shoots! Thousands of objects on exhibit: b

Chief Ladiga Trail

The Chief Ladiga Trail is Alabama’s premiere rails-to-trails project. It wanders 33 miles through the countryside of Calhoun and Cleburne counties and

Coldwater Mountain Bike Trail

With 4,083 acres located between the cities of Oxford and Anniston, Alabama’s Forever Wild Land Trust protects Coldwater Mountain.

Freedom Riders Civil Rights Heritage Trail

In 1961, a small interracial band of “Freedom Riders” challenged discriminatory laws requiring separation of the races in interstate travel. They were

Mountain Longleaf National Wildlife Refuge

Mountain Longleaf National Wildlife Refuge protects the largest stand of mature Longleaf Pines north of the state’s coastal plain.


Located in Northeast Alabama, between Anniston and Gadsden, Silver Lakes is set on rolling terrain with stunning views of the surrounding Appalachian